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 Meaning of common Arabic words used in conversations

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PostSubject: Meaning of common Arabic words used in conversations   Sun May 09, 2010 10:30 am

The following is a list of arabic words used normally in conversations:

Akhi - Brother

Ukhti - Sister

JazakAllah - May Allah give you Ajar/Sawab for your deed.

MashAllah - As God has willed.

HayakAllah - May Allah give you life.

BarakAllahu Feek - May Allah put barkah in what you are doing.

wa feeka barakallahu - and May Allah bless you. (in response to Barakallahu Feek)

Wa iyyakum - And to you

Alhamdu lillah - Praise be to Allah

Allah - God

Allahu Akbar - Allah is Most Great

Amanah - Trust

Assalamu Alaikum - Peace be upon you--the "official" Islamic greeting.

Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh - "Peace and the Mercy and Blessings of God be upon you" Extended form of the above.

Astaghfir Allah - I seek forgiveness from Allah (used when mentioning something that goes against the standards of Islam)

Ayah/Ayat - Qur'anic verse

Bid`ah - Innovation, addition to the religion's essentials

Bukhari - One of the most noted compilers of hadith. His collection is known as Sahih Bukhari

Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Rahim - In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Da'wa - Invitation (for humankind to Islam)

Du`aa - Supplication

Eid - Islamic holiday

Fatwa - Islamic legal ruling

Fiqh - Islamic law as interpreted by scholars

Fitnah - Corruption and disorder, also temptation

Hadith - A report of a saying or deed of the Prophet

Haj - Pilgrimage

Halal - Allowed (per Islamic law)

Haram - Forbidden (per Islamic law)

Hazrat/Hadrat - Honorable

Hijab - Modest way of behavior and dress (including head scarf for women)

Imam - Leader

Iman - Faith

In Shaa Allah - If God wills. (Used when talking about a future event)

Injeel - The scripture sent down to Prophet Issa (Jesus)

Isnad - Chain of transmitters, the list of people who successively narrated a given hadith

Jannah - Paradise

Jazakallah Khair - May God grant you what is good. (Often used instead of "Thank you")

Jihad - Striving for Islam, whether by peaceful or violent means (NOT holy war!)

Jinn - Unseen beings, who, like humans, are given the power to choose between right and wrong

Kafir - One who denies the truth. Literally, one who "covers" the truth (sometimes applied to non-Muslims).

Khalifah - Caliph: Leader of Muslim nation

Khilafah - Caliphate

Khutba - Sermon

Kufr - Denial of the Truth, rebellion against God

La Ilaha Illa Allah - There is no deity but God

Ma Shaa Allah - What God has willed! (Usually used to express wonder at Allah's creation)

Madhhab - School of jurisprudential thought

Makruh - Detested, but not forbidden (per Islamic law)

Mandoub - Recommended, but not required (per Islamic law)

Mubah - Neither forbidden nor commended. Neutral (per Islamic law)

Mushrik - One who commits Shirk

Muslim - One who submits to Allah and is a follower of Islam; also, name of one of the most notable hadith scholars. His collection is known as Sahih Muslim

Nabi - Prophet

Qur'an - The Words of Allah conveyed to us by the Prophet

PBUH - Peace Be Upon Him. Same as SAW

RAA - (Radia Allahu Anhu/Anha.) May Allah be please with him/her

Rasool - Messenger (Prophet to whom a scripture is revealed)

Rasool Allah - Messenger of God (used to refer to Prophet Muhammad)

Sahaba - Companions of Prophet. Singular is "Sahabi"

Sahih - "Sound in isnad." A technical attribute applied to the "isnad" of a hadith

Salaam - Peace. An abbreviated version of the Islamic greeting

Salaat - Prayer

SAW - (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam.) Peace Be Upon Him

Sawm/Siyam - Fasting

Seerah/Sirah - History of the Prophet's life

Shahadah - Bearing witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.

Shari'ah - Divine Law

Sheikh - Scholar (or any elder and/or respected man)

Shirk - Associating partners (e.g. helpers, other gods) with Allah

Shura - Consultation among Muslims

Subhan Allah - "Glory be to God"

Sunna/Sunnah - Tradition of the Prophet

Surah/Sura - A Chapter in the Qur'an

SWT - (SubHanahu Wa Ta`ala.) Glory be to Him. Used only in reference to Allah

Tafsir - Interpretation

Tawraat - The scripture sent down to Prophet Musa (Moses).

Ulama - Religious scholars

Umma - Nation, community.

Ustadh - Teacher

Wassalaam - And peace. It means "goodbye"

Zakat - Required charity
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